Determination of the optical properties of tissue-simulating phantoms from interstitial frequency domain measurements of relative fluence and phase difference
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We estimated the absorption and reduced scattering coefficients of tissue-simulating phantoms from interstitial measurements of the phase difference and relative amplitude signals at two distances from a sinusoidally modulated isotropic source. It was found that absorption and reduced scattering coefficients can be recovered within 10% and slightly over 10% respectively, using either the data collected by two detectors 3mm apart or by two detectors 5mm apart with light collected by one detector attenuated by a neutral density filter. This accuracy was achieved over a wide range of optical properties, mu(a)=0.008 to 0.17mm(-1) and mu(s)'=0.3 to 1.8mm(-1). Additional factors affecting accuracy including source anisotropy, uncertainty in fiber placement, phase amplitude crosstalk, and the forward light propagation model (the combined isotropic similarity model and standard diffusion approximation versus the modified spherical harmonics method) were studied by Monte Carlo simulations (first two factors) and experiments (last two factors).
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