- Many patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (LR MDS) require long-term red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to manage anemia. The consequences of RBC transfusions in LR MDS with ring sideroblasts (LR MDS-RS) are not well known. We estimated the association between cumulative RBC dose density and clinical and patient-reported outcomes using data from the MDS-CAN registry for patients enrolled between January 2008 and December 2018. Outcomes included overall survival, hospitalization, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A total of 145 enrolled patients with LR MDS and RS ≥5% had a median follow-up time of 27.1 months; 45 had no transfusions during follow-up, 51 had <1 transfusion per month, and 49 had ≥1 transfusion per month. The cumulative density of RBC transfusions was associated with significantly greater mortality, hospitalization, and inferior HRQoL, suggesting that exposure to RBC transfusion may constitute a significant treatment burden in patients with LR MDS-RS.