ObjectiveTo determine long-term kidney outcomes in boys with posterior urethral valve (PUV) undergoing either primary valve ablation or urinary diversion with matched baseline kidney function.
MethodsAfter retrospective review of patients managed for PUV at our institution, propensity score matched analysis was conducted using nadir serum creatinine with logistic regression analysis. Nearest neighbor matching was used to allocate boys to primary urinary diversion and primary ablation groups. Primary outcomes included kidney function by creatinine or estimated glomerular filtration rate, chronic kidney disease, and end-stage renal disease. Comparative statistics by odds ratio (OR) and hazard ratios on survival analysis were calculated.
ResultsA total of 21 boys undergoing primary diversion were matched with 42 boys undergoing ablation using nadir serum creatinine and follow-up time with a median follow-up of 4.8 years. After matching, there was no significant difference in last follow-up kidney function by creatinine (P = .99) or estimated glomerular filtration rate (P = .98). Primary diversion was not associated with increased likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease stage 3 (OR 1.33; P = .31) or end-stage renal disease (OR 1.88; P = .35 and hazard ratios 1.85; P = .30) compared to primary ablation.
ConclusionsOur propensity matched study suggests that long-term kidney function and kidney outcomes are similar between primary ablation and primary diversion after adjusting for baseline kidney function in boys with PUV.