Structural Diversity of Lithium Sulfenamides: 7Li NMR Studies in Solution and Crystal Structures of [Li2(η2-(CH3)3C−NS−C6H4CH3-4)2(THF)2] and [Li2(η1-4-CH3C6H4−NS−C6H4CH3-4)2(THF)4] Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Two lithium sulfenamides were prepared by reaction of (CH(3))(3)C-N(H)-S-C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4 (1) and 4-CH(3)C(6)H(4)-N(H)-S-C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4 (2) with an alkyllithium. The unsolvated sulfenamide Li[(CH(3))(3)C-NS-C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4] (3) was soluble enough for variable-temperature (VT) (7)Li NMR to provide evidence of a dynamic exchange of oligomers in solution. The crystal structures of the solvated sulfenamides of [Li(2)(eta(2)-(CH(3))(3)C-NS-C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4)(2)(THF)(2)] (4) and of [Li(2)(eta(1)-4-CH(3)C(6)H(4)-NS-C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4)(2)(THF)(4)] (6) consisted of dimers in which the anions display different hapticities. The VT (7)Li NMR spectra of 4 suggest that the two different structures exist in equilibrium in toluene-THF mixtures. These compounds are easily oxidized to the neutral thioaminyl radicals as identified by EPR spectroscopy.

publication date

  • June 2003