Towards a complete account of diastereotopic hydrogen isotope exchange of carbon acids. III. Base-catalyzed exchange of sulfoxides. Evidence for exchange by inversion Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The rate constants for deuteroxide and hydroxide catalyzed H → D and D → H exchange of benzodihydrothiophene oxide (1a) and several of its deuterated analogs 1b, 1c, and 1d at 30.00 ± 0.05 °C are reported along with the rate constants for D → H exchange of deuterated benzyl methyl sulfoxides 2b and 2c. Application of the steady-state assumption to schemes involving equilibrating pyramidal anions yield equations which are used to fit experimentally determined (kf/ks)H → D and (kf/ks)D → H ratios. The analysis supports our view that exchange of the diastereotopic protons (deuterons) occurs by inversion. The inversion component contributes significantly to exchange of the "slow" proton (deuteron) of a diastereotopic pair and this accounts for the observation that (kf/ks)D → H < (kf/ks)H → D. This study establishes an upper limit of 6 kcal for the barrier to inversion of the carbanions derivable from 1 and 2, if pyramidal anions are formed.

publication date

  • August 1, 1985