KCl reabsorption by the lower malpighian tubule of rhodnius prolixus: inhibition by Cl− channel blockers and acetazolamide
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Iono- and osmoregulation by the blood-feeding hemipteran Rhodnius prolixus involves co-ordinated actions of the upper and lower Malpighian tubules. The upper tubule secretes ions (Na(+), K(+), Cl(-)) and water, whereas the lower tubule reabsorbs K(+) and Cl(-) but not water. The extent of KCl reabsorption by the lower tubule in vitro was monitored by ion-selective microelectrode measurement of Cl(-) and/or K(+) concentration in droplets of fluid secreted by Malpighian tubules isolated under oil. An earlier study proposed that K(+) reabsorption involves an omeprazole-sensitive apical K(+)/H(+) ATPase and Ba(2+)-sensitive basolateral K(+) channels. This paper examines the effects acetazolamide and of compounds that inhibit chloride channels, Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchangers and Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) or K(+)/Cl(-) co-transporters. The results suggest that Cl(-) reabsorption is inhibited by acetazolamide and by Cl(-) channel blockers, including diphenylamine-2-carboxylate(DPC) and 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB), but not by compounds that block Na(+)/K(+)/Cl(-) and K(+)/Cl(-) co-transporters. Measurements of transepithelial potential and basolateral membrane potential during changes in bathing saline chloride concentration indicate the presence of DPC- and NPPB-sensitive chloride channels in the basolateral membrane. A working hypothesis of ion movements during KCl reabsorption proposes that Cl(-) moves from lumen to cell through a stilbene-insensitive Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger and then exits the cell through basolateral Cl(-) channels.
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