Surgical, Radiation, and Systemic Treatments of Patients With Thymic Epithelial Tumors: A Clinical Practice Guideline
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INTRODUCTION: The aim of this guideline was to provide recommendations for the most effective therapy for patients with thymic epithelial tumors, including thymoma, thymic carcinoma, and thymic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). This guideline is intended to be used by all health care professionals managing patients with thymic epithelial tumors. METHODS: The guideline was developed by Ontario Health (Cancer Care Ontario)'s Program in Evidence-Based Care and by the Lung Cancer Disease Site Group through a systematic review of the evidence, expert consensus, and formal internal and external reviews. RESULTS: Evidence-based recommendations were developed to improve the management of patients with thymic epithelial tumors. The guideline includes recommendations for surgical, radiation, and systemic treatments for patients with thymoma, thymic carcinoma, and thymic NETs separated by stage of disease using the TNM staging system. Recommendations for patients with thymic NETs were endorsed from the 2021 National Comprehensive Cancer Network Neuroendocrine and Adrenal Tumors Guideline. CONCLUSIONS: This guideline reflects the new staging system for patients with thymoma and thymic carcinoma and includes supporting evidence from the best available studies.
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