Genic heterogeneity within electrophoretic "alleles" and the pattern of variation among loci in Drosophila pseudoobscura.
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An investigation, similar to our previously reported xanthine dehydrogenase study, was undertaken to examine the extent of hidden genic variation at nine loci (five larval proteins, three esterases and one aldehyde oxidase) by sequential application of various electrophoretic criteria employing pH, gel concentration and buffer variation. Polymorphic loci appear to fall into two distinct groups: weakly polymorphic, including larval protein 6, 7, 8, 10 and 13 and esterase-1 and -6; and highly polymorphic, including esterase-5, Xdh and possibly Ao. Monomorphic loci may belong to a third group different from all polymorphic loci. Bogota, a geographical isolate that is reproductively isolated from the mainland population, was found to be genetically distinct at four of the ten loci examined in detail so far, including Xdh, whereas previously it was found to be genetically distinct at none. These results are discussed in the light of balancing selection, neutral and mutation-selection hypotheses of genic variation in natural populations.
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