Cancer and stroke: What do we know and where do we go?
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Cancer is an increasingly recognized cause for ischemic stroke, with recent acknowledgement of cancer-related stroke as an emerging stroke subtype with unique pathophysiologic mechanisms. In addition, cancer-related stroke may differ from stroke in the general population as cancer patients may not receive guideline-recommended stroke care, and the occurrence of stroke may also preclude patients from receiving optimal cancer treatments. Due to the high degree of morbidity and mortality associated with both conditions, understanding the relationship between stroke and cancer is crucial. In this narrative review, we discuss the association between cancer and stroke, the unique pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, treatment options including acute reperfusion therapies and secondary prevention strategies, compare outcomes between cancer-related stroke and stroke in the general population, and review new and emerging evidence in this field.
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