Effect of mixing conditions and polymer particle size on the properties of polypropylene/graphite nanoplatelets micromoldings Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Abstract In this study, properties of polypropylene/graphite nanoplatelets (PP/GNP) composites and corresponding micromoldings were systematically studied in terms of filler loading concentrations and mixing methods. PP of different forms, i.e., PP pellets and powders, were adopted to fabricate PP/GNP composites. Additionally, a comparative study of precoating GNP and PP powders using solvent-based solution blending and ultrasonication-assisted mixing was performed. Results showed that PP/GNP composites prepared using powder form PP resulted in at least one order of magnitude higher electrical conductivity than using pellet form PP and further reduced the percolation threshold from 12.5 to 10 wt%, which was related to the state of filler distribution within corresponding moldings. Morphology observations revealed that microparts prepared with powder-PP/GNP composites exhibited less preferential alignment of GNP particles along the flow direction when compared with those molded using pellet-PP/GNP counterparts, which was helpful in improving the overall electrical conductivity for PP/GNP micromoldings.

publication date

  • September 27, 2022