Ligustrazine prevents coronary microcirculation dysfunction in rats via suppression of miR-34a-5p and promotion of Sirt1
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INTRODUCTION: The coronary microembolization contributes to coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD), in which miR-34a-5p may play a critical role. Ligustrazine has been reported to improve CMD. The present study was designed to discuss the role of miR-34a-5p/Sirt1 pathway in CMD and explore the underlying mechanism of ligustrazine. METHODS: Coronary microembolization (CME) was induced by left ventricle injection of sodium laurate in rats. CME formation and cardiac function were examined by HE staining and hemodynamic tests to evaluate CMD. The expressions of miR-34a-5p, Sirt1 and the downstream proteins were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. Dual-luciferase reporter (DLR) assay was performed to confirm the connection between miR-34a-5p and Sirt1. The blood markers of endothelial dysfunction, platelet activation and inflammation were examined with ELISA. RESULTS: Overt CME and cardiac dysfunction as well as up-regulated miR-34a-5p and down-regulated Sirt1 were observed in CME rats. Overexpressing miR-34a-5p aggravated while silencing miR-34a-5p inhibited CME formation. DLR assay confirmed that miR-34a-5p directly inhibited Sirt1 mRNA expression. Ligustrazine pretreatment suppressed miR-34a-5p and promoted Sirt1 expression, which alleviated endothelial dysfunction, inhibited platelet activation and inflammation, and in turn reduced CME. Overexpressing miR-34a-5p diminished the positive effects of ligustrazine; while after silencing miR-34a-5p, ligustrazine failed to further promote Sirt1 expression and inhibit CME formation. CONCLUSION: MiR-34a-5p contributes to CMD by inhibiting Sirt1 expression. Ligustrazine exerts endothelial-protective, anti-platelet and anti-inflammatory effects to prevent CMD via suppressing miR-34a-5p and promoting Sirt1.
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