Effect of tissue inhomogeneity on beta dose distribution of 3
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In a homogeneous medium of soft tissue the radiation dose distribution due to a nonuniformly distributed beta source can be calculated by convolution of the beta dose point kernel of the nuclide with the source distribution. A possible extension of the technique to the calculation of the dose distribution in heterogeneous media involving relatively simple geometric interfaces requires the knowledge of the resulting perturbation to the beta point kernels in individual media. We simulated a soft-tissue-bone planar interface by a polystyrene (PST)-aluminum junction and measured the change in beta dose from the dose value in homogeneous PST due to a point source of 32P using 7LiF thermoluminescent dosimeters. With the point source at the interface, the dose rates at 0-31, 125-156, and 283-314 mg/cm2 separations from the interface were increased by (12 +/- 3)%, (8 +/- 2)%, and (3 +/- 2)%, respectively, compared with homogeneous PST. With the point source at a PST-air planar interface to simulate a soft-tissue-air junction, the dose rates at 0-31, 139-170, and 283-314 mg/cm2 from the interface were decreased by (25 +/- 4)%, (11 +/- 7)%, and (5 +/- 2)%, respectively. The changes in dose rates for these two interfaces have also been measured with degraded spectra of 32P. Comparison of the experimental data with Monte Carlo calculation for a point source and the two-group method of calculation for a plane source is also presented.
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