Earlier, we reported (N. J. Lassam, S. T. Bayley, F. L. Graham, and P. E. Branton, Nature (London) 277:241-243, 1979) detecting protein kinase activity when cytoplasmic extracts of human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5)-infected KB cells immunoprecipitated with 14b antitumor serum directed against the transforming proteins of Ad5, were incubated with [gamma-32P]ATP. Here we show that in the in vitro assay this kinase phosphorylated both the heavy chain of immunoglobulin G and polypeptide than comigrated on sodium dodecyl sulfate gels with the 58,000-dalton Ad5 antigen. It also phosphorylated added histone H3. Evidence is presented that the protein kinase activity found with extracts from Ad5-infected cells is not due to nonspecific trapping of cellular enzymes in immune complexes, but to an enzyme which is distinct from kinases detected at background levels in controls. Serine and threonine were the major phosphorylated amino acids, and essentially no phosphotyrosine was detected. Protein kinase activity detected in Ad12-infected cells immunoprecipitated by an antiserum derived from hamsters bearing Ad12-induced tumors appeared to be immunologically distinct from that immunoprecipitated from Ad5-infected cells by 14b serum.