Induction of the cell cycle in baby rat kidney cells by adenovirus type 5 E1A in the absence of E1B and a possible influence of p53.
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From previous studies on the induction of DNA synthesis in quiescent primary baby rat kidney cells by adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) E1A deletion mutants, we concluded that induction is prevented only when cellular proteins p300 and pRb are both uncomplexed with E1A (J.A. Howe, J.S. Mymryk, C. Egan, P.E. Branton, and S.T. Bayley, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:5883-5887, 1990). We have now examined induction by these same mutants in virus lacking the E1B region, so that cellular p53 was no longer complexed to the E1B 55-kDa protein. E1A mutants that fail to bind pRb induced DNA synthesis at a significantly lower level in Ad5 lacking E1B than in Ad5 containing E1B. Apparently, therefore, uncomplexed p53 can partially replace p300 in cooperating with pRb to suppress DNA synthesis in baby rat kidney cells.
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