Multiple pathways for activation of E2A expression in human KB cells by the 243R E1A protein of adenovirus type 5
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Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) mutant dl520, which produces only the smaller 243 residue (243R) E1A protein, induced efficient production of the viral E2A 72-kDa DNA binding protein (DBP) in human KB cells, but not in human WI38, 143, or HeLa cells. In transient expression assays, the 243R E1A protein induced transcription from the E2 early promoter in KB but not in HeLa cells; there was no transcription from the E3 promoter in either cell line. In KB cells, truncation of the E2 promoter from -285 to -97 basepairs dramatically reduced transactivation by the 243R E1A product but not by wt E1A, suggesting that the 243R protein acts through factors binding in this region. Multiple deletions in both exon 1 and exon 2 of the 243R E1A protein failed to disrupt its ability to induce DBP expression. The possible redundant pathways for this induction are discussed. The multiplicity of these pathways and the fact that they are all inactivated in the WI38 and 143 lines are surprising.
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