Different Rearrangement Behaviour of the Cation or Anion Derived from the Diels-Alder Adduct of 9-Ferrocenylanthracene and 1,4-Benzoquinone: Ring-Opening or Paddlewheel Formation
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Prototropic rearrangement of the Diels-Alder adduct (3a) of 9-ferrocenylanthracene and 1,4-benzoquinone potentially furnishes 9-ferrocenyl-1,4-dihydroxytriptycene (3b) incorporating a C(2v) symmetrical paddlewheel moiety. However, reaction of 3a with HBF(4) unexpectedly yields instead 9-ferrocenyl-10-(2,5-dihydroxyphenyl)anthracene (4) via cleavage of the C9-C12 bond to generate initially a ferrocenyl-stabilized cation. Treatment of 3a with sodium hydride and iodomethane yields 1,4-dimethoxy-9-ferrocenyltriptycene (3c) in high yield but, surprisingly, also leads to fission of the C9-C12 bond resulting, after methylation, in the formation of 9-hydroxy-9-ferrocenyl-10-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)dihydroanthracene (12), which readily dehydrates on silica to form 9-ferrocenyl-10-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)anthracene (8). The X-ray crystal structures of 3a, 3c and 4 are reported.
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