Nitrogen metabolite repression of nitrate reductase in Neurospora crassa.
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The effect of different nitrogen compounds on the induction of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-nitrate reductase was examined in Neurospora crassa. Whereas in the wild-type strain several amino acids and ammonia inhibit the formation of nitrate reductase, only glutamine, cysteine, and histidine are shown to inhibit the synthesis of nitrate reductase in a glutamine-requiring auxotroph. None of the amino acids inhibited nitrate reductase activity in vitro. The effects of cysteine and histidine are nonspecific, these amino acids being inhibitory of the growth of the organism. The effect of glutamine on the induction of nitrate reductase is not due to an inhibition of the uptake of the inducer nitrate. By the use of histidine-, pyrimidine-, and arginine-requiring auxotrophs, it was shown that glutamine appears to act per se and does not seem to be converted to another product in order to be effective in repression. The repression of nitrate reductase by ammonia appears, from the results described herein, to be indirect; ammonia has to be converted first to glutamine in order to be effective in repression.
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