Glioblastoma is a highly fatal brain cancer. The underlying functional drivers of treatment resistance and disease recurrence are unclear. By applying a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 library to patient-derived glioblastoma stem cell models, we systematically map genetic dependencies in patient-matched pre-treatment primary and post-treatment recurrent tumor cells. These insights reveal a large-scale remodelling of genetic dependency profiles at disease recurrence, arming recurrent tumor cells with newly-acquired genetic drivers and further loss of tumor suppressors. These analyses support parallel tumor-intrinsic mechanisms of treatment resistance which rely on acquisition of immunosuppressive capacity, including a defective mismatch repair pathway, ablation of PTEN activity, and a novel combination of de novo mutations in SWI/SNF components. We map a multilayered genetic and functional response to drive tumor recurrence, identifying protein tyrosine phosphatase 4A2 (PTP4A2) as a novel driver of self-renewal, proliferation and tumorigenicity at glioblastoma recurrence. Mechanistically, genetic perturbation and a small molecule inhibitor of PTP4A2 results in greater survival and reduced tumor growth in patient-derived models of recurrent glioblastoma.
Citation Format: Chirayu R. Chokshi, Kevin Brown, Chitra Venugopal, Jason Moffat, Sheila K. Singh. Functional mapping reveals widespread remodelling and unrecognized pathway dependencies in recurrent glioblastoma [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2022; 2022 Apr 8-13. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2022;82(12_Suppl):Abstract nr 60.