Impact of extra-anatomical bypass on coarctation fluid dynamics using patient-specific lumped parameter and Lattice Boltzmann modeling Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • AbstractAccurate hemodynamic analysis is not only crucial for successful diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta (COA), but intervention decisions also rely on the hemodynamics assessment in both pre and post intervention states to minimize patient risks. Despite ongoing advances in surgical techniques for COA treatments, the impacts of extra-anatomic bypass grafting, a surgical technique to treat COA, on the aorta are not always benign. Our objective was to investigate the impact of bypass grafting on aortic hemodynamics. We investigated the impact of bypass grafting on aortic hemodynamics using a patient-specific computational-mechanics framework in three patients with COA who underwent bypass grafting. Our results describe that bypass grafting improved some hemodynamic metrics while worsened the others: (1) Doppler pressure gradient improved (decreased) in all patients; (2) Bypass graft did not reduce the flow rate substantially through the COA; (3) Systemic arterial compliance increased in patients #1 and 3 and didn’t change (improve) in patient 3; (4) Hypertension got worse in all patients; (5) The flow velocity magnitude improved (reduced) in patient 2 and 3 but did not improve significantly in patient 1; (6) There were elevated velocity magnitude, persistence of vortical flow structure, elevated turbulence characteristics, and elevated wall shear stress at the bypass graft junctions in all patients. We concluded that bypass graft may lead to pseudoaneurysm formation and potential aortic rupture as well as intimal hyperplasia due to the persistent abnormal and irregular aortic hemodynamics in some patients. Moreover, post-intervention, exposures of endothelial cells to high shear stress may lead to arterial remodeling, aneurysm, and rupture.

authors

  • Sadeghi, Reza
  • Tomka, Benjamin
  • Khodaei, Seyedvahid
  • Daeian, MohammadAli
  • Gandhi, Krishna
  • Garcia, Julio
  • Keshavarz Motamed, Zahra

publication date

  • December 2022