Simulations of gaseous disc-embedded planet interaction Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We present three-dimensional self-gravitating smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations of an isothermal gaseous disc interacting with an embedded planet. Discs of varying stability are simulated with planets ranging from 10 Earth-masses to 2 Jupiter-masses. The SPH technique provides the large dynamic range needed to accurately capture the large scale behavior of the disc as well as the small scale interaction of the planet with surrounding material. Most runs used 10^5 gas particles, giving us the spatial resolution required to observe the formation of planets. We find four regions in parameter space: low-mass planets undergo Type I migration; higher-mass planets can form a gap; the gravitational instability mode of planet formation in marginally stable discs can be triggered by embedded planets; discs that are completely unstable can fragment to form many planets. The disc stability is the most important factor in determing which interaction a system will exhibit. For the stable disc cases, our migration and accretion time-scales are shorter and scale differently than previously suggested.

publication date

  • January 11, 2004