Site-dilution in the quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnetSr2(Cu1−xPdx)O3: Reduction of Néel temperature and spatial distribution of ordered moment sizes
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We investigate the Neel temperature of Sr2CuO3 as a function of the site
dilution at the Cu (S=1/2) sites with Pd (S=0), utilizing the muon spin
relaxation (muSR) technique. The Neel temperature, which is Tn=5.4K for the
undoped system, becomes significantly reduced for less than one percent of
doping Pd, giving a support for the previous proposal for the good
one-dimensionality. The Pd concentration dependence of the Neel temperature is
compared with a recent theoretical study (S. Eggert, I. Affleck and M.D.P.
Horton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 47202 (2002)) of weakly coupled one-dimensional
antiferromagnetic chains of S=1/2 spins, and a quantitative agreement is found.
The inhomogeneity of the ordered moment sizes is characterized by the muSR time
spectra. We propose a model that the ordered moment size recovers away from the
dopant S=0 sites with a recovery length of \xi = 150-200 sites. The origin of
the finite recovery length \xi for the gapless S=1/2 antiferromagnetic chain is
compared to the estimate based on the effective staggered magnetic field from
the neighboring chains.
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