Antimicrobial utilization in very-low-birth-weight infants: association with probiotic use Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Objective

    To examine the association between probiotic use and antimicrobial utilization.

    Study design

    We retrospectively evaluated very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants admitted to tertiary neonatal intensive care units in Canada between 2014 and 2019. Our outcome was antimicrobial utilization rate (AUR) defined as number of days of antimicrobial exposure per 1000 patient-days.

    Result

    Of 16,223 eligible infants, 7279 (45%) received probiotics. Probiotic use rate increased from 10% in 2014 to 68% in 2019. The AUR was significantly lower in infants who received probiotics vs those who did not (107 vs 129 per 1000 patient-days, aRR = 0.89, 95% CI [0.81, 0.98]). Among 13,305 infants without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis ≥Stage 2, 5931 (45%) received probiotics. Median AUR was significantly lower in the probiotic vs the no-probiotic group (78 vs 97 per 1000 patient-days, aRR = 0.85, 95% CI [0.74, 0.97]).

    Conclusion

    Probiotic use was associated with a significant reduction in AUR among VLBW infants.

authors

  • Ting, Joseph Y
  • Yoon, Eugene W
  • Fajardo, Carlos A
  • Daboval, Thierry
  • Bertelle, Valérie
  • Shah, Prakesh S
  • Shah, Prakesh S
  • Beltempo, Marc
  • Kanungo, Jaideep
  • Wong, Jonathan
  • Cieslak, Zenon
  • Sherlock, Rebecca
  • Mehrem, Ayman Abou
  • Toye, Jennifer
  • Ting, Joseph Y
  • Fajardo, Carlos
  • Bodani, Jaya
  • Strueby, Lannae
  • Seshia, Mary
  • Louis, Deepak
  • Alvaro, Ruben
  • Mukerji, Amit
  • Da Silva, Orlando
  • Augustine, Sajit
  • Lee, Kyong-Soon
  • Ng, Eu-gene
  • Lemyre, Brigitte
  • Daboval, Thierry
  • Khurshid, Faiza
  • Bizgu, Victoria
  • Barrington, Keith
  • Lapointe, Anie
  • Ethier, Guillaume
  • Drolet, Christine
  • Piedboeuf, Bruno
  • Claveau, Martine
  • St-Hilaire, Marie
  • Bertelle, Valerie
  • Masse, Edith
  • Canning, Roderick
  • Makary, Hala
  • Ojah, Cecil
  • Monterrosa, Luis
  • Emberley, Julie
  • Afifi, Jehier
  • Kajetanowicz, Andrzej
  • Lee, Shoo K

publication date

  • July 2022