Composition of early planetary atmospheres – II. Coupled Dust and chemical evolution in protoplanetary discs Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We present the next step in a series of papers devoted to connecting the composition of the atmospheres of forming planets with the chemistry of their natal evolving protoplanetary disks. The model presented here computes the coupled chemical and dust evolution of the disk and the formation of three planets per disk model. Our three canonical planet traps produce a Jupiter near 1 AU, a Hot Jupiter and a Super-Earth. We study the dependency of the final orbital radius, mass, and atmospheric chemistry of planets forming in disk models with initial disk masses that vary by 0.02 $M_\odot$ above and below our fiducial model ($M_{disk,0} = 0.1 ~M_\odot$). We compute C/O and C/N for the atmospheres formed in our 3 models and find that C/O$_{\rm planet}\sim$ C/O$_{\rm disk}$, which does not vary strongly between different planets formed in our model. The nitrogen content of atmospheres can vary in planets that grow in different disk models. These differences are related to the formation history of the planet, the time and location that the planet accretes its atmosphere, and are encoded in the bulk abundance of NH$_3$. These results suggest that future observations of atmospheric NH$_3$ and an estimation of the planetary C/O and C/N can inform the formation history of particular planetary systems.

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publication date

  • August 21, 2017