Dwarf Galaxies in the Coma Cluster. I. Detection, Measurement and Classification Techniques Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Deep B- and R-band CCD images of the central ~700 arcmin^2 of the Coma cluster core have been used to measure the dwarf-galaxy population in Coma. In this paper, we describe a newly developed code for automated detection, photometry and classification of faint objects of arbitrary shape and size on digital images. Intensity-weighted moments are used to compute the positions, radial structures, ellipticities, and integrated magnitudes of detected objects. We demonstrate that Kron-type 2r_1 aperture aperture magnitudes and surface brightnesses are well suited to faint-galaxy photometry of the type described here. Discrimination between starlike and extended (galaxy) objects is performed interactively through parameter-space culling in several possible parameters, including the radial moments, surface brightness, and integrated color versus magnitude. Our code is tested and characterized with artificial CCD images of star and galaxy fields; it is demonstrated to be accurate, robust and versatile. Using these analysis techniques, we detect a large population of dE galaxies in the Coma cluster core. These dEs stand out as a tight sequence in the R, (B-R) color-magnitude diagram.

publication date

  • December 1997