Dilute Bose gas in a quasi-two-dimensional trap Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We investigate the behavior of a dilute quasi two-dimensional, harmonically confined, weakly interacting Bose gas within the finite-temperature Thomas-Fermi approximation. We find that the thermodynamic properties of the system are markedly different for repulsive and attractive interactions. Specifically, in contrast to the repulsive case, there appears to be a phase transition when the atoms interact with an attractive pseudo-potential, in the sense that there is no self-consistent solution for the normal ground state below a certain temperature $T^{\star}$. These numerical findings are supported by analytical investigations of the thermodynamics of the system in the complex fugacity plane, and within the random-phase approximation. We also show that the temperature $T^{\star}$ can be interpreted as the limiting temperature below which the system cannot be described as a collection of noninteracting {\em haldons}.

publication date

  • March 14, 2002