Impact of electron-phonon coupling on near-field optical spectra in graphene Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The finite momentum transfer ($\boldsymbol{q}$) longitudinal optical response $\sigma^L(\boldsymbol{q},\omega)$ of graphene has a peak at an energy $\omega=\hbar v_F q$. This corresponds directly to a quasiparticle peak in the spectral density at momentum relative to the Fermi momentum $k_F -q$. Inclusion of coupling to a phonon mode at $\omega_E$ results, for $\omega<|\omega_E|$, in a constant electron-phonon renormalization of the bare bands by a mass enhancement factor $(1+\lambda)$ and this is followed by a phonon kink at $\omega_E$ where additional broadening begins. Here we study the corresponding changes in the optical quasiparticle peaks which we find to continue to directly track the renormalized quasiparticle energies until $q$ is large enough that the optical transitions begin to sample the phonon kink region of the dispersion curves where linearity in momentum is lost in the renormalized Dirac Fermion dispersion curves and the correspondence to a single quasiparticle energy is lost. Nevertheless there remains in $\sigma^L(\boldsymbol{q},\omega)$ features analogous to the phonon kinks of the dispersion curves which are observable through variation of $q$ and $\omega$.

publication date

  • January 7, 2013