Respiratory involvement in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides: a retrospective study based on POLVAS registry
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OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to characterise the Polish population of (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) with respiratory involvement (RI), in comparison to the subgroup without lung manifestations and the other cohorts. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the Polish population of AAV with RI was conducted, based on data from the POLVAS registry. Standard descriptive statistics, χ2 test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used to perform comparisons. RESULTS: Among 461 cases qualified to this study, there were 316 cases with RI (68.5%), 206 with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (65.2%), 80 with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) (25.3%) and 30 with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) (9.5%). Proportion of RI in GPA, MPA, and EGPA accounted for 67.8%; 40.0%; 97.6%, respectively. The number of relapses was higher in the RI group (median 1.0 vs. 0.0; p=0.01). In the subgroup of combined GPA and MPA with RI, the trends toward higher proportion of deaths (11.7% vs. 5.7%; p=0.07), relapses requiring hospitalisation (52.2% vs. 42.4%, p=0.07) and relapses requiring admission to the intensive care unit (5.6% vs. 1.4%, p=0.09) were observed, median maximal concentration of CRP was higher (46 vs. 25 mg/l; p=0.01) and more aggressive treatment was administered. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of RI in the Polish population of AAV is similar to the values reported in the literature, however, the proportion observed in GPA is closer to those presented in Asian than Western European cohorts. RI seems to be associated with a more severe course of disease and its presence prompts more aggressive treatment.
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