Analysis of the genomic landscapes of Barbadian and Nigerian women with triple negative breast cancer Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Abstract Purpose Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast cancer subtype that disproportionately affects women of African ancestry (WAA) and is often associated with poor survival. Although there is a high prevalence of TNBC across West Africa and in women of the African diaspora, there has been no comprehensive genomics study to investigate the mutational profile of ancestrally related women across the Caribbean and West Africa. Methods This multisite cross-sectional study used 31 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples from Barbadian and Nigerian TNBC participants. High-resolution whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed on the Barbadian and Nigerian TNBC samples to identify their mutational profiles and comparisons were made to African American, European American and Asian American sequencing data obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Whole exome sequencing was conducted on tumors with an average of 382 × coverage and 4335 × coverage for pooled germline non-tumor samples. Results Variants detected at high frequency in our WAA cohorts were found in the following genes NBPF12, PLIN4, TP53 and BRCA1. In the TCGA TNBC cases, these genes had a lower mutation rate, except for TP53 (32% in our cohort; 63% in TCGA-African American; 67% in TCGA-European American; 63% in TCGA-Asian). For all altered genes, there were no differences in frequency of mutations between WAA TNBC groups including the TCGA-African American cohort. For copy number variants, high frequency alterations were observed in PIK3CA, TP53, FGFR2 and HIF1AN genes. Conclusion This study provides novel insights into the underlying genomic alterations in WAA TNBC samples and shines light on the importance of inclusion of under-represented populations in cancer genomics and biomarker studies.

authors

  • Hercules, Shawn M
  • Liu, Xiyu
  • Bassey-Archibong, Blessing BI
  • Skeete, Desiree HA
  • Smith Connell, Suzanne
  • Daramola, Adetola
  • Banjo, Adekunbiola A
  • Ebughe, Godwin
  • Agan, Thomas
  • Ekanem, Ima-Obong
  • Udosen, Joe
  • Obiorah, Christopher
  • Ojule, Aaron C
  • Misauno, Michael A
  • Dauda, Ayuba M
  • Egbujo, Ejike C
  • Hercules, Jevon C
  • Ansari, Amna
  • Brain, Ian
  • MacColl, Christine
  • Xu, Yili
  • Jin, Yuxin
  • Chang, Sharon
  • Carpten, John D
  • Bédard, André
  • Pond, Gregory
  • Blenman, Kim RM
  • Manojlovic, Zarko
  • Daniel, Juliet

publication date

  • June 2022