Effects of Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of a Novel H-Grade Sucker Rod Steel Journal Articles uri icon

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  • The sucker rod is an extremely important equipment in oil exploitation, but with the deepening and harsh environment of the petroleum well, higher requirements are put forward for the strength and corrosion resistance of the sucker rod. The most commonly used steel for H grade sucker rods is 4330 steel. However, it has characteristics such as high cost and relatively low sulfide stress cracking resistance. Thus, a novel sucker rod steel with a composition of 0.2 wt.% Cu and 1.2 wt.% Ni was designed. Normalizing + tempering (NT) and quenching + tempering (QT) heat treatment were optimized to render the mechanical properties of the novel sucker rod steel to reach the H grade. Additionally, effects of heat treatment on the microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of the novel sucker rod steel were investigated by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope and mechanical property tests. The results showed that the microstructure is tempered sorbite and the mechanical properties reach H grade after NT and QT. Specifically, the tensile strength, yield strength, elongation and impact toughness of NT/QT samples reached 1010.58/1124.37 MPa, 875.93/1042.63 MPa, 15.66/11.59% and ~77.48/~111.69 J/cm2, respectively. Furthermore, the finer and more dispersed carbides were observed in the QT sample, which means that the QT sample had better strength and toughness.


  • Tong, Zhi
  • Zhou, Guijuan
  • Zheng, Wenyue
  • Zhang, Haining
  • Zhou, Hongyu
  • Sun, Xiaoran

publication date

  • February 1, 2022

published in