Investigating the effects of mobilization with movement and exercise on pain modulation processes in shoulder pain – a single cohort pilot study with short-term follow up Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Objective

    To explore the association between manual therapy and exercise and pain modulation and clinical characteristics in people with musculoskeletal shoulder pain.

    Methods

    This is a prospective, longitudinal, single cohort pilot study. People with shoulder pain for longer than 6 weeks underwent 4 weeks of glenohumeral mobilization with movement and shoulder exercises. Measures of pain modulation, shoulder pain, disability, range of motion and psychosocial factors were assessed at baseline and immediately after the 4-week period of treatment. Treatment effectiveness was assessed through parametric, non-parametric and multilevel modeling statistics.

    Results

    Twenty-three individuals participatedwith no loss to follow-up. Significant and meaningful improvements in shoulder pain (NRS mean change 1.6/10, 95% CI 0.4 to 2.7), disability (SPADI mean change 20.5/100, 95% CI 13.1 to 27.9) and range of motion (mean change 33°, 95% CI 23 to 43°) were observed following treatment. Statistical but non-clinically meaningful changes were observed in temporal summation of pain (mean change 0.3/10, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.4) and anxiety (mean change 0.86/21, 95% CI 0.18 to 1.55). Significant reductions were observed in temporal summation of pain (mean change 0.3/10, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.4) and anxiety (mean change 0.86/21, 95% CI 0.18 to 1.55), however these were not considered clinically important. No association was found between clinical characteristics and sensory measures. No association was found between clinical characteristics and sensory measures.

    Conclusion

    Glenohumeral mobilization with movement and exercise did not improve pain modulation, despite improvements in pain, function and range of motion, in people with shoulder pain.

authors

publication date

  • July 4, 2022