A Gendered Analysis of Work, Stress and Mental Health, Among Professional and Non-Professional Workers Academic Article uri icon

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  • This study examines the differences in mental health experiences of workers in professional and non-professional roles, with a particular focus on the influence of gender. We examine: i) the perceived mental health of a subset of professional workers including accounting, academia, dentistry, medicine, nursing, and teaching, chosen because they represent different gender composition and sectors; and ii) work stress and work absences. Statistical analyses were applied to data from the Canadian Community Health Survey and a related Mental Health and Well-Being survey. Those in the selected professions reported better mental health, higher job satisfaction, and a lower prevalence of mental disorders, but higher self-perceived life and work stress compared to workers in non-professional roles. Workers in these professions reported higher job security and higher job control, but also higher psychological demands. Women in these professions showed significantly higher physical exertion and lower job authority and higher rates of work absences.


  • Bourgeault, Ivy
  • Park, Jungwee
  • Kohen, Dafna
  • Atanackovic, Jelena
  • James, Yvonne

publication date

  • November 19, 2021