Canine myenteric, deep muscular, and submucosal plexus preparations of purified nerve varicosities: Content and chromatographic forms of certain neuropeptides
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Partially purified nerve varicosities prepared from canine small intestinal myenteric, deep muscular and submucosal plexuses were found to contain, by radioimmunoassay, gastrin-releasing polypeptide (GRP), substance P, Leu-enkephalin, Met-enkephalin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and neurokinin A, but did not contain detectable amounts of neurokinin B. In all three plexus preparations, VIP was present in the highest concentration. In contrast to other species, GRP and the enkephalins were found to be present in relatively high concentrations in the submucosal plexus and GRP was present in low concentrations in the deep muscular plexus. Equal concentrations of substance P and neurokinin A were found in the myenteric and deep muscular plexus preparations but greater concentrations of substance P relative to neurokinin A were found in the submucosal plexus preparations. On reverse phase HPLC, a major peak of immunoreactivity occurred at the retention times of standard preparations for all six neuropeptides measured. Significant heterogeneity was found for GRP- and VIP-like immunoreactivity, especially in the submucosal plexus preparations. These partially purified canine small intestine nerve varicosity preparations may prove of value in studying release mechanisms for, and the posttranslational processing of, neuropeptides.
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