Defining an enabling environment for those with chronic disease: an integrative review Academic Article uri icon

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  • Abstract Background Health policies are currently being implemented to cope with the 37% of those affected by chronic disease and 63% of deaths worldwide. Among the proposals, there is accelerating support for greater autonomy for patients, which incorporates several concepts, including empowerment. To achieve this, develop an environment to increase an individual’s capacity for action seems to be a fundamental step. The aim of this study is to characterize an enabling environment for patients in the context of chronic disease management. Methods An integrative review design was applied. Medline, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify relevant literature published between 2009 and 2019. Overall, the review process was guided by the PRISMA 2020 checklist. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool for quality evaluation was used. Results A total of 40 articles were analyzed, divided into 18 quantitative studies, 11 qualitative studies, two mixed studies, seven expert opinions, one theory and one conference report. The following characteristics defining an enabling environment were taken from the literature relating to those with a chronic condition: Needs assessment-adaptation of responses, supporting “take care”, involvement in support, knowledge improvement, engagement with professionals, use of information and communication technologies, and organization of care. Beyond that, the interactions highlighted between these seven categories characterize an enabling environment. Conclusion This review specifies the essential elements of an enabling environment for patients with chronic conditions. It encompasses the partnership between the healthcare professional, such as the advanced practice nurse, and the individual for whom interventions and care strategies must be devised.


  • Loizeau, Valérie
  • Morvillers, Jean-Manuel
  • Bertrand, Dominique Pougheon
  • Kilpatrick, Kelley
  • Rothan-Tondeur, Monique

publication date

  • December 2021