Planning, Leisure-Time Physical Activity, and Coping Self-Efficacy in Persons With Spinal Cord Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial Academic Article uri icon

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    Arbour-Nicitopoulos KP, Martin Ginis KA, Latimer AE. Planning, leisure-time physical activity, and coping self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injury: a randomized controlled trial.


    To examine the effects of action and coping planning (ACP) on leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and coping self-efficacy in exercise initiates living with spinal cord injury (SCI).


    Ten-week, single-blind randomized controlled trial.


    General community.


    Adults (N=44) with SCI (mean age +/- SD, 49.70+/-12.71y) were randomly assigned to either an action planning only (APO; n=22) or an ACP (n=22) condition.


    Participants in the APO condition formed action plans for LTPA at weeks 1 and 5, and self-monitored their LTPA behavior. Those in the ACP condition formed coping plans for managing self-identified activity barriers, in addition to forming action plans and self-monitoring.

    Main outcome measures

    Measures of intentions, coping self-efficacy, and behavior were assessed at weeks 1, 5, and 10.


    Intention-to-treat analyses indicated that persons in the ACP condition reported significantly greater LTPA, scheduling, and general barriers self-efficacy at weeks 5 and 10, in comparison with those in the APO condition. Scheduling self-efficacy mediated the effects of the intervention on LTPA, accounting for 38% of the total effect of the intervention on week 5 LTPA.


    These findings illustrate the effectiveness of supplementing action plans with coping plans for enhancing LTPA and coping self-efficacy beliefs among exercise initiates living with SCI.

publication date

  • December 2009

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