The effect of berberine on insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: detailed statistical analysis plan (SAP) for a multicenter randomized controlled trial Academic Article uri icon

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  • Background

    Although Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been widely used in clinical settings, a major challenge that remains in TCM is to evaluate its efficacy scientifically. This randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of berberine in the treatment of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In order to improve the transparency and research quality of this clinical trial, we prepared this statistical analysis plan (SAP).


    The trial design, primary and secondary outcomes, and safety outcomes were declared to reduce selection biases in data analysis and result reporting. We specified detailed methods for data management and statistical analyses. Statistics in corresponding tables, listings, and graphs were outlined.


    The SAP provided more detailed information than trial protocol on data management and statistical analysis methods. Any post hoc analyses could be identified via referring to this SAP, and the possible selection bias and performance bias will be reduced in the trial.

    Trial registration

    This study is registered at, NCT01138930 , registered on 7 June 2010.


  • Zhang, Ying
  • Sun, Jin
  • Zhang, Yun-Jiao
  • Chai, Qian-Yun
  • Zhang, Kang
  • Ma, Hong-Li
  • Wu, Xiao-Ke
  • Liu, Jian-Ping

publication date

  • December 2016

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