IntroductionImmune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder caused by immunologic destruction of otherwise normal platelets. Patients and physicians differ in their views pertaining to the limitations imposed on patients' daily lives by ITP and its treatment. Poor understanding of ITP symptoms can result in misdiagnosis and complex treatment patterns, and affect patient health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The ITP Life Quality Index (ILQI) is a 10-item patient-reported outcome measure developed for clinical practice to aid discussions between patients and physicians. This research aimed to validate the psychometric properties of the ILQI using data collected in the ITP World Impact Survey (I-WISh).
MethodsI-WISh data containing responses to the ILQI from 1507 patients with ITP across 13 countries worldwide was subject to psychometric analysis to evaluate the structure, reliability and validity of the ILQI and assess scoring cut-offs.
ResultsThe ILQI has an overarching unidimensional structure, supporting a total score including all 10 items. Reliability was supported (Cronbach's alpha = 0.90). ILQI scores monotonically increased with ITP severity. ILQI scores correlated with measures of fatigue and emotional well-being, supporting construct validity. Differential item functioning (DIF) analyses showed that ILQI item responses were interpreted similarly between the USA and other Western countries. It was suggested that previous clinical cut-off score of 20 for "impaired HRQoL" was reduced to 17 and a cut-off of 23-25 (rather than 30) was suggested to assess "significantly impaired HRQoL".
ConclusionThe validity and reliability of the ILQI to assess HRQoL of patients with ITP is supported. The revised cut-off scores for the ILQI will aid patient-centric decision-making.