The effect of vitamin D supplementation on serum levels of fibroblast growth factor- 23: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
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Previous studies of the effect of vtamin D on serum levels of fibroblast growth factor- 23 (FGF-23) have yeilded an inconsistent findings. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) sought to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on serum levels of FGF-23. PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched, from database inception to November 2020, for RCTs that evaluated the effects of native or active vitamin D supplementation on serum levels of FGF-23 in adults. Weighted mean difference (WMD) were calculated and random effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the overall effects. Twenty-seven trials were included in the meta-analysis. Supplementation with native vitamin D (23 studies, n = 2247 participants; weighted mean difference [WMD] = 0.5 pg/mL, 95 % CI: -0.52 to 1.51, P = 0.33; I2 = 29.9 %), and active vitamin D (5 studies, n = 342 participants, WMD = 29.45 pg/mL, 95 % CI: -3.9 to 62.81, P = 0.08; I2 = 99.3%) had no significant effects on serum FGF-23 concentration. In subgroup analyses, supplementation with ergocalciferol (3 studies, n = 205 participants; WMD = 18.27 pg/mL, 95 % CI: 5.36-31.17, P = 0.006), and daily dosing regimens (9 studies, n = 1374 participants; WMD = 0.41 pg/mL, 95 % CI: 0.22 to 0.59, P < 0.001) increased serum FGF-23 levels compared to control. Overall, our findings revealed no significan effect of vitamin D supplementation on serum FGF-23 concentration. However, further high quality, large-scale studies are needed to better elucidate this relationship.
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