A dual-signaling electrochemical ratiometric strategy combining “signal-off” and “signal-on” approaches for detection of MicroRNAs
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A dual-signaling electrochemical ratio metric strategy was developed for detection microRNA-18a based on the duplex-specific nuclease-assisted target recycling and electrochemical atom transfer radical polymerization signal amplification. In the presence of target microRNA, RNA/DNA duplexes are formed, which become the substrate of the duplex-specific nuclease-assisted target recycling. Hence only the DNA strand is cleaved by duplex-specific nuclease enzyme, resulting in the throw away of methylene blue (MB) from the electrode (signal off) accompanied by releasing of target microRNA, which can be recycled in the next hybridization. The remaining piece of capture DNAs on the electrode surface hybridize with the Azide labeled-signal DNAs. "Click reactions" were carried out between 3-Butynyl-2-bromoisobutyrate and Azide to initiate the electrochemical atom transfer radical polymerization reaction. This process could bring a great number of ferrocenylmethyl methacrylate (FMMA) on the surface of electrode (signal on). The IFMMA/IMB value was proportionate to the microRNA-18a concentration and measured by square wave voltammetry. The promising potential of the proposed biosensor in clinical analyses was exhibited by its remarkable features such as strong performance, high specificity, agreeable storage stability, and notable selectivity in real sample evaluation with no pretreatment or amplification. Finally, our biosensing method offers such an application to be used for the early clinical diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer.
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