Use of novel antithrombotic agents for COVID‐19: Systematic summary of ongoing randomized controlled trials Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Background

    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with macro- and micro-thromboses, which are triggered by endothelial cell activation, coagulopathy, and uncontrolled inflammatory response. Conventional antithrombotic agents are under assessment in dozens of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with COVID-19, with preliminary results not demonstrating benefit in several studies.

    Objectives

    Given the possibility that more novel agents with antithrombotic effects may have a potential utility for management of patients with COVID-19, we assessed ongoing RCTs including these agents with their potential mechanism of action in this population.

    Methods

    We searched clinicaltrials.gov and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform to identify RCTs of novel antithrombotic agents in patients with COVID-19.

    Results

    Based on a systematic literature search, 27 RCTs with 10 novel antithrombotic agents (including nafamostat, dociparstat, rNAPc2, and defibrotide) were identified. The results from these trials have not been disseminated yet. The studied drugs in the ongoing or completed RCTs include agents affecting the coagulation cascade, drugs affecting endothelial activation, and mixed acting agents. Their postulated antithrombotic mechanisms of action and their potential impact on patient management are summarized.

    Conclusion

    Some novel antithrombotic agents have pleiotropic anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects, which may help reduce the viral load or fibrosis, and improve oxygenation. Results from ongoing RCTs will elucidate their actual role in the management of patients with COVID-19.

authors

  • Talasaz, Azita H
  • Sadeghipour, Parham
  • Aghakouchakzadeh, Maryam
  • Kakavand, Hessam
  • Ariannejad, Hamid
  • Connors, Jean M
  • Hunt, Beverley J
  • Berger, Jeffrey S
  • Van Tassell, Benjamin W
  • Middeldorp, Saskia
  • Piazza, Gregory
  • Weitz, Jeffrey
  • Cushman, Mary
  • Lip, Gregory YH
  • Goldhaber, Samuel Z
  • Bikdeli, Behnood

publication date

  • December 2021