Emerging evidence indicates that iron distribution is heterogeneous within the substantia nigra (SN) and it may reflect patient-specific trait of Parkinson’s Disease (PD). We assume it could account for variability in motor outcome of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in PD.
To investigate whether SN susceptibility features derived from radiomics with machine learning (RA-ML) can predict motor outcome of STN-DBS in PD.
Thirty-three PD patients underwent bilateral STN-DBS were recruited. The bilateral SN were segmented based on preoperative quantitative susceptibility mapping to extract susceptibility features using RA-ML. MDS-UPDRS III scores were recorded 1–3 days before and 6 months after STN-DBS surgery. Finally, we constructed three predictive models using logistic regression analyses: (1) the RA-ML model based on radiomics features, (2) the RA-ML+LCT (levodopa challenge test) response model which combined radiomics features with preoperative LCT response, (3) the LCT response model alone.
For the predictive performances of global motor outcome, the RA-ML model had 82% accuracy (AUC = 0.85), while the RA-ML+LCT response model had 74% accuracy (AUC = 0.83), and the LCT response model alone had 58% accuracy (AUC = 0.55). For the predictive performance of rigidity outcome, the accuracy of the RA-ML model was 80% (AUC = 0.85), superior to those of the RA-ML+LCT response model (76% accuracy, AUC = 0.82), and the LCT response model alone (58% accuracy, AUC = 0.42).
Our findings demonstrated that SN susceptibility features from radiomics could predict global motor and rigidity outcomes of STN-DBS in PD. This RA-ML predictive model might provide a novel approach to counsel candidates for STN-DBS.