Characterization of a Disordered above Room Temperature Skyrmion Material Co8Zn8Mn4 Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Topologically nontrivial spin textures host great promise for future spintronic applications. Skyrmions in particular are of burgeoning interest owing to their nanometric size, topological protection, and high mobility via ultra-low current densities. It has been previously reported through magnetic susceptibility, microscopy, and scattering techniques that Co8Zn8Mn4 forms an above room temperature triangular skyrmion lattice. Here, we report the synthesis procedure and characterization of a polycrystalline Co8Zn8Mn4 disordered bulk sample. We employ powder X-ray diffraction and backscatter Laue diffraction as characterization tools of the crystallinity of the samples, while magnetic susceptibility and Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) measurements are performed to study the skyrmion phase. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show a dip anomaly in the magnetization curves, which persists over a range of approximately 305 K–315 K. SANS measurements reveal a rotationally disordered polydomain skyrmion lattice. Applying a symmetry-breaking magnetic field sequence, we were able to orient and order the previously jammed state to yield the prototypical hexagonal diffraction patterns with secondary diffraction rings. This emergence of the skyrmion order serves as a unique demonstration of the fundamental interplay of structural disorder and anisotropy in stabilizing the thermal equilibrium phase.

authors

  • Henderson, Melissa E
  • Beare, James
  • Sharma, Sudarshan
  • Bleuel, Markus
  • Clancy, Pat
  • Cory, David G
  • Huber, Michael G
  • Marjerrison, Casey A
  • Pula, Mathew
  • Sarenac, Dusan
  • Smith, Evan M
  • Zhernenkov, Kirill
  • Luke, Graeme
  • Pushin, Dmitry A

publication date

  • August 19, 2021