Recent genome wide association studies (GWAS) and previous positional linkage studies have identified more than 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with obesity, mostly in Europeans. We aimed to assess the contribution of some of these SNPs to obesity risk and to the variation of related metabolic traits, in Mexican children.
The association of six European obesity-related SNPs in or near
FTO, NPC1, ENPP1, NEGR1, GNPDA2and MC4Rgenes with risk of obesity was tested in 1,463 school-aged Mexican children ( N cases= 514; N controls= 949). We also assessed effects of these SNPs on the variation of body mass index (BMI), fasting serum insulin levels, fasting plasma glucose levels, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, in a subset of 1,171 nonobese Mexican children. Results
We found a significant effect of
GNPDA2rs10938397 on risk of obesity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.30; P= 1.34 × 10-3). Furthermore, we found nominal associations between obesity risk or BMI variation and the following SNPs: ENPP1rs7754561, MC4Rrs17782313 and NEGR1rs2815752. Importantly, the at-risk alleles of both MC4Rrs17782313 and NPC1rs1805081 showed significant effect on increased fasting glucose levels (β = 0.36 mmol/L; P= 1.47 × 10-3) and decreased fasting serum insulin levels (β = −0.10 μU/mL; P= 1.21 × 10-3), respectively. Conclusion
Our present results suggest that some obesity-associated SNPs previously reported in Europeans also associate with risk of obesity, or metabolic quantitative traits, in Mexican children. Importantly, we found new associations between
MC4Rand fasting glucose levels, and between NPC1and fasting insulin levels.