Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the neuropeptide Y2 receptor (NPY2R) gene and association with severe obesity in French white subjects
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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Genetic variants of genes for peptide YY (PYY), neuropeptide Y2 receptor (NPY2R) and pancreatic polypeptide (PPY) were investigated for association with severe obesity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The initial screening of the genes for variants was performed by sequencing in a group of severely obese subjects (n=161). Case-control analysis of the common variants was then carried out in 557 severely obese adults, 515 severely obese children and 1,163 non-obese/non-diabetic control subjects. Rare variants were genotyped in 700 obese children and the non-obese/non-diabetic control subjects (n=1,163). RESULTS: Significant association was found for a 5' variant (rs6857715) in the NPY2R gene with both severe adult obesity (p=0.002) and childhood obesity (p=0.02). This significant association was further supported by a pooled allelic analysis of all obese cases (adults and children, n=928) vs the control subjects (n=938) (p=0.0004, odds ratio=1.3, 95% CI 1.1-1.5). Quantitative trait analysis of BMI and WHR was performed and significant association was observed for SNP rs1047214 in NPY2R with an increase in WHR in the severely obese children (co-dominant model p=0.005, recessive model p=0.001). Association was also observed for an intron 3 variant (rs162430) in the PYY gene with childhood obesity (p=0.04). No significant associations were observed for PPY variants. Only one rare variant in the NPY2R gene (C-5641T) was not found in lean individuals and this was found to co-segregate with obesity in one family. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: These results provide evidence of association for NPY2R and PYY gene variants with obesity and none for PPY variants. A rare variant of the NPY2R gene showed evidence of co-segregation with obesity and its contribution to obesity should be investigated further.
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