Perceived importance and satisfaction with physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This investigation examined the determinants of satisfaction with physical function for participants in an Observational Arthritis Study in Seniors (OASIS). The sample consisted of 480 men (51%) and women (49%) over the age of 65 years who had difficulty performing activities of daily living due to knee pain. As part of baseline testing for OASIS, participants completed a measure that assessed satisfaction with function for six physical activities. After controlling for relevant covariates, scores on the satisfaction index were regressed on seven conceptually relevant predictor variables. The results revealed that satisfaction with physical function is a distinct construct from level of function, irrespective of whether the latter variable is measured objectively or subjectively. When entered into a hierarchical regression model, 6-minute walk test data accounted for 11% of the variance in satisfaction scores, whereas perceived difficulty accounted for an additional 22%. Moreover, a significant interaction term between importance and perceived difficulty revealed that patients who rated the activities as important and who had high levels of perceived difficulty had the lowest satisfaction scores. Discussion focuses on the determinants of satisfaction with physical function with emphasis on the interaction between perceived difficulty and importance.

publication date

  • June 1998