Integrated Knowledge Translation Guiding Principles for Conducting and Disseminating Spinal Cord Injury Research in Partnership Academic Article uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • OBJECTIVE: To address a gap between spinal cord injury (SCI) research and practice by rigorously and systematically co-developing integrated knowledge translation (IKT) guiding principles for conducting and disseminating SCI research in partnership with research users. DESIGN: The process was guided by the internationally accepted The Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch & Evaluation (AGREE) II Instrument for evaluating the development of clinical practice guidelines. SETTING: North American SCI research system (ie, SCI researchers, research users, funders). PARTICIPANTS: The multidisciplinary expert panel (n=17) and end users (n=35) included individuals from a North American partnership of SCI researchers, research users, and funders who have expertise in research partnerships. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clarity, usefulness, and appropriateness of the principles. RESULTS: Data regarding 125 principles of partnered research were systematically collected from 4 sources (review of reviews, scoping review, interviews, Delphi consensus exercise). A multidisciplinary expert panel held a 2-day meeting to establish consensus, select guiding principles, and draft the guidance. The panel reached 100% consensus on the principles and guidance document. The final document includes a preamble, 8¬†guiding principles, and a glossary. Survey data showed that the principles and guidance document were perceived by potential end users as clear, useful, and appropriate. CONCLUSIONS: The IKT Guiding Principles represent the first rigorously co-developed, consensus-based guidance to support meaningful SCI research partnerships. The principles are a foundational tool with the potential to improve the relevance and impact of SCI research, mitigate tokenism, and advance the science of IKT.


  • Gainforth, Heather L
  • Hoekstra, Femke
  • McKay, Rhyann
  • McBride, Christopher B
  • Sweet, Shane N
  • Martin Ginis, Kathleen A
  • Anderson, Kim
  • Chernesky, John
  • Clarke, Teren
  • Forwell, Susan
  • Maffin, Jocelyn
  • McPhail, Lowell T
  • Mortenson, W Ben
  • Scarrow, Gayle
  • Schaefer, Lee
  • Sibley, Kathryn M
  • Athanasopoulos, Peter
  • Willms, Rhonda

publication date

  • April 2021