Metal Oxy-Hydroxides with a Hierarchical and Hollow Structure for Highly Efficient Solar-Thermal Water Evaporation
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Solar-thermal water evaporation is a promising technology for pure water production. However, the design of low-cost systems for efficient antifouling solar-thermal water evaporation remains a challenge. Herein, an evaporator based on metal oxy-hydroxides with a hierarchical and hollow structure is rationally designed through material selection and structural engineering. The obtained evaporator possesses good light absorption performance, excellent antifouling property against oil, and enhanced heat localization ability. Consequently, the water evaporation rate reaches as high as 1.65 kg m-2 h-1 with a solar-thermal conversion efficiency up to 82.3% under 1 sun illumination. More importantly, the evaporator exhibits almost identical evaporation performance in oily wastewater and natural seawater due to its superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity. This work provides a worth-adopted approach to prepare solar-thermal evaporators with high efficiency and anti-oil-fouling property, highlighting the new application of metal oxy-hydroxide-based materials and the importance of a hierarchical and hollow structure for efficient solar-thermal water evaporation.
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