Real-life experience with ceftolozane/tazobactam in Canada: results from the CLEAR (Canadian LEadership on Antimicrobial Real-life usage) registry Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: Ceftolozane/tazobactam is a cephalosporin/β-lactamase inhibitor combination with activity against Gram-negative bacilli. Here we report the use of ceftolozane/tazobactam in Canada using a national registry. METHODS: The CLEAR registry uses a REDCapTM online survey to capture details associated with clinical use of ceftolozane/tazobactam. RESULTS: Data from 51 patients treated in 2020 with ceftolozane/tazobactam are available. Infections treated included hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (37.3% of patients), ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (15.7%), bone and joint infection (11.8%), complicated intra-abdominal infection (7.8%) and complicated skin and skin-structure infection (7.8%). Moreover, 17.6% of patients had bacteraemia and 47.1% were in intensive care. Ceftolozane/tazobactam was primarily used as directed therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections (92.2% of patients). Ceftolozane/tazobactam was used because of resistance to (86.3%), failure of (11.8%) or adverse effects from (2.0%) previously prescribed antimicrobials. Ceftolozane/tazobactam susceptibility testing was performed on isolates from 88.2% of patients. Ceftolozane/tazobactam was used in combination with another antimicrobial active against Gram-negative bacilli in 39.2% of patients [aminoglycosides (15.7%), fluoroquinolones (9.8%) and colistin/polymyxin B (7.8%)]. The dosage regimen was customised in all patients based on creatinine clearance. The treatment duration was primarily >10 days (60.8% of patients), with microbiological success in 60.5% and clinical success in 64.4% of patients. Moreover, 7.8% of patients had adverse effects not requiring drug discontinuation. CONCLUSION: In Canada, ceftolozane/tazobactam is used as directed therapy to treat a variety of severe infections caused by multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa. It is commonly used in combination with other antimicrobials with relatively high microbiological/clinical cure rates and an excellent safety profile.

authors

  • Zhanel, George G
  • Dhami, Rita
  • Baxter, Melanie
  • Kosar, Justin
  • Cervera, Carlos
  • Irfan, Neal
  • Zvonar, Rosemary
  • Borgia, Sergio
  • Tessier, Jean-Francois
  • Dow, Gordon
  • Ariano, Robert
  • Dube, Maxime
  • Savoie, Michel
  • Bassetti, Matteo
  • Walkty, Andrew
  • Karlowsky, James A

publication date

  • June 2021