Relations of Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors to Social Skills in Toddlers with Autism Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • AbstractWe examined the relations of restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB; insistence on sameness, repetitive sensory-motor, self-injurious behavior) to social skills overall and aspects that comprise social skills as measured by the VABS-II (coping skills, play/leisure time, interpersonal relationships) in 24- (n = 63) and 36-month old (n = 35), high-familial-risk toddlers with ASD. Hierarchical linear regression results indicated that repetitive sensory-motor was the best predictor of social skills overall. Secondary results indicated that all three RRB subtypes were associated with each subdomain of social skills; however, repetitive sensory-motor was the strongest and most consistent among these effects. While our results suggests a general negative relation of subtypes of RRB to aspects of adaptive social function, repetitive sensory-motor behaviors may be of particular relevance to the development of social skills during toddlerhood.

authors

  • Chaxiong, Pang
  • Burrows, Catherine
  • Botteron, Kelly N
  • Dager, Stephen R
  • Estes, Annette M
  • Hazlett, Heather C
  • Schultz, Robert T
  • Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie
  • Piven, Joseph
  • Wolff, Jason
  • Piven, J
  • Hazlett, HC
  • Chappell, C
  • Shen, M
  • Swanson, M
  • Dager, S
  • Estes, A
  • Shaw, D
  • John, T St
  • Botteron, K
  • Constantino, J
  • Schultz, R
  • Pandey, J
  • Estes, A
  • Zwaigenbaum, L
  • Elison, J
  • Wolff, J
  • Styner, M
  • Gerig, G
  • McKinstry, R
  • Pruett, J
  • Evans, AC
  • Collins, DL
  • Fonov, V
  • MacIntyre, L
  • Das, S
  • Gu, H
  • Truong, K
  • Volk, H
  • Fallin, D
  • Shen, M

publication date

  • April 2022