Patient-reported Quality of Life following Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Primary Kidney Cancer – Results from a Prospective Cohort Study
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AIMS: We report on the first prospective series of patient-reported quality of life (QoL) following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for primary kidney cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were treated on a multi-institutional prospective cohort study with 30-42 Gy SBRT in three or five fractions. QoL assessments were carried out using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-15 Palliative (EORTC-QLQ-C15-PAL), the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Kidney Symptom Index-19 (FACT FKSI-19) and the EuroQol-5D-3L tools at baseline, 1 week, and 1, 3 and 6 months post-treatment. QoL over time was analysed using linear mixed modelling, pairwise and anchor-based analyses. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were included. No significant reduction in any QoL metric was observed on repeated measures. However, a trend to reduced EORTC global QoL and fatigue was observed at 1 week, with improvement over time in other symptom scores such as pain, appetite and nausea. On pairwise analysis, there were statistically significant reductions in global QoL at 1 week (with subsequent recovery) and dyspnoea at 6 months post-SBRT. Trends to improved pain, appetite and nausea were observed following SBRT. Less than half of patients reported stable or better EORTC global QoL at 1 week. For all other QoL and symptom scales, most patients had reported stable or better scores at all times, with a slight proportional improvement in emotional functioning, nausea, fatigue, pain and appetite, and a slight worsening of physical functioning and dyspnoea over time. CONCLUSIONS: SBRT results in well-preserved QoL in the weeks to months following treatment for primary kidney cancer.