Venous thrombosis in neonates Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The incidence of thrombotic disorders in neonates and children is increasing with advances in diagnostic modalities, supportive care, and management of many health conditions. The developing coagulation system, need for intensive care, including catheterization, and co-morbid conditions are responsible for the relatively high risk of thrombosis in neonates compared to older children. This review addresses the advances over the last 3 years in neonatal thrombosis, with a focus on epidemiology, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT), renal vein thrombosis (RVT), and portal vein thrombosis (PVT). The incidence of neonatal thrombosis in the contemporary era is reported to be 6.9-15 per 1,000 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions, compared to 2.4 per 1,000 NICU admissions reported in older registry data. The majority of recently published studies are small, retrospective, and from single centers, albeit they emphasize the need for definitive data to support the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation therapy (ACT) in the management of CSVT, RVT, and PVT. We highlight two important international initiatives geared towards improving the evidence base for these conditions. The International Pediatric Thrombosis Network (IPTN) is a collaboration of 74 centers across 27 countries (as of January 2021) which has started important projects like the international neonatal RVT registry, while the International Pediatric Stroke Study (IPSS) group is in the planning stages of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the utility of ACT in the management of neonatal CSVT.

publication date

  • 2021